Mentoring and coaching are frequently used inter-changeably. Though their purpose is the same to increase performance, the process and timeline are different. Coaching focuses on improving performance related to a specific task by helping the person expand his or her knowledge or skill related to that task. In contrast, mentoring focuses on improving the overall performance of an individual by helping the person gain new competencies, perspective and awareness. This article published in Forbes, does a good job differentiating the two and is a helpful resource to managers who must provide both mentoring and coaching to their employees.